A child should have his or her first eye exam by the age of three unless there is a family history of childhood problems or certain conditions are noted. The next exam should be done before kindergarten and every two years thereafter.

Certain problems demand an earlier visit to the eye doctor. Among these are a white color in the pupil of the eye (could be cataract or tumor), eyes that are not aligned with each other (potential lazy eye or amblyopia), droopy eyelid (could prevent lack of vision development), recurrent red eye (infection ), obvious inability to focus on objects or pick things up easily (refraction problem of nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism), chronic tearing (tear duct blockage), and light sensitivity (glaucoma).

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