Understanding age related macular degeneration (AMD) is important for seniors, anyone over 50 with a family history of macular degeneration and those with known risk factors such as vascular disease, use of aspirin, high levels of alcohol consumption and those people with higher fat diets. More than 2 million people age 50 and older have late AMD which represents a considerable increase from just 10 years ago. This may be due to the aging of the U.S. population with the baby boomers wanting but being unable to maintain the lifestyle they wish due to AMD.
Types of Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) & Vision Loss
AMD causes central vision to blur, but leaves peripheral vision intact. It is progressive and painless. There are two types of AMD, a “Dry” form and a “Wet” form. It is estimated that 85-90% of people with AMD have the Dry form which results in a gradual vision loss. Fortunately, only 10 percent of people with AMD have the Wet form which progresses much quicker and can cause catastrophic vision loss.
Treatment of Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
While there is limited treatment warranted for Dry AMD as it is only slowly progressive, the successful treatment of Wet AMD requires early detection, quick diagnosis and then immediate access to treatment with vascular endothelial growth inhibitor (VEGF) injections such as Lucentis® and Eylea®.
Reducing the Risk of AMD & Vision Loss from AMD
The key to preventing vision loss from AMD is clearly early detection, diagnosis and intervention. Time is of the essence as once hemorrhaging has affected the macula-vision loss from scarring is catastrophic. Patients can often reduce their risk of developing AMD by not smoking as well as working to eat a heart-healthy diet rich in fish, fruit and green leafy vegetables, avoiding foods with Trans fats, exercising and controlling blood pressure and weight.
If you or someone you know has questions about age related macular degeneration (AMD), the risk of AMD or the need for early detection, diagnosis & treatment of age related macular degeneration should please call The Eye Clinic of Texas, an affiliate of Houston Eye Associates, at 800-423-3937, visit The Eye Clinic of Texas or facebook.com/ecot.lasik to schedule an appointment.
The Eye Clinic of Texas is an affiliate of Houston Eye Associates, the largest ophthalmology clinic in the nation. We are a leading eye care practice serving the greater Houston, Galveston, League City and Texas City with offices at 1100 Gulf Freeway, Suite 114, League City, Texas 77573, 7111 Medical Center Drive, Suite 110, Texas City, Texas 77590 and 2302 Avenue P, Galveston, Texas.